Architecture of Mailman Suite¶
Mailman Suite is a set of two functional components, Mailman Core and Web Frontend. Web frontend is based on Django Web Framework and is often just referred to as Django. The actual projects that use the Django web framework are called Postorius (Web Frontend) and Hyperkitty (Archiver). From a runtime perspective, Postorius and Hyperkitty can run in a single component.
MTA: Mail-Transfer-Agent is typically responsible for receiving emails from internet and sending out emails. It is configured to forward emails to Mailman owned mailing lists to Mailman Core’s LMTP server via LMTP protocol.
MTA also receives incoming requests to send out emails from both Mailman Core and Web Interface. Web interface will send out emails related to account management like verifying email addresses for example.
Hyperkitty also allows replying to posts from the web interface, which are sent out as emails through the MTA, which then in-turn are forwarded to Mailman Core like any other incoming email.
Web Server: Web server is typically just a frontend to Web Interface due to security and performance. It is configured as a reverse-proxy for the Web Interface.
Web Frontend will support any web server that can act as a reverse proxy.
Mailman Core: Mailman Core is a complex application and the above diagram only represents some parts of it. It listens primarily on two ports:
- REST API: This is where Mailman’s administrative REST API listens. This is used by the frontend to retrieve and show information to the user.
- LMTP Server: This is how Mailman receives incoming emails from MTA.
Web Interface: This includes both Hyperkitty and Postorius.
- Hyperkitty: This receives emails that are to be archived from mailman-hyperkitty plugin for Mailman Core. It also hosts the archives for the mailing lists.
- Postorius: This presents an interface to view/manage mailing lists and subscriptions. It also has various templates for mailing lists, which users can create to override the default ones provided by Mailman. Mailman Core will reach out to Postorius to fetch the templates when sending out emails.